The plenary meeting was divided into two sessions. The first session was open to all states, international organisations and invited experts. It allowed for a captivating keynote speech on the contemporary usage of PMSCs in armed conflict by Dr Ulrich Petersohn, Senior Lecturer of the University of Liverpool. Thereafter, Jon Huggins, Senior Adviser at One Earth Future, and Mark Gray, MNG Managing Director of the floating armoury company Maritime Ltd, offered fascinating accounts of situations in which private maritime security is deployed, along with challenges to regulation. The second session was held only for Montreux Document participants and focused on procedural aspects of the MDF as well as a discussion on topics and thematics for the future.
The event facilitated interesting discussions on the regulation of private military and security companies in armed conflicts as well as maritime contexts. The regulation of these enterprises remains challenging, and the ongoing efforts of Governments, Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives, Civil Society, as well as the private sector are vital in order to prevent and remedy human rights abuses.